HI 510
Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
The civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt from earliest times to fall of Babylon in 539 B.C.

HI 514
Rome To 337 A.D.
Development of ancient Rome from its origins in Italy, through its rise as an Empire embracing entire Mediterranean World and Western Europe, to Constantine, Christianity and the foundation of Constantinople. Critical examination of political achievement of a people who rose from an obscure Italian city to a world empire, with emphasis on analysis of primary courses.

HI 515
History and Archaeology Of the Roman Empire Analysis of Rome's unparalleled rule over the entire Mediterranean World in first four centuries A. D. through use of literary and archaeological sources.

HI 516
From Roman Empire To Middle Ages
Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. The transition from classical civilization to basis of modern civilizations: the Fall of Rome, the Germanic kingdoms, Byzantium, establishment of Christianity, birth and growth of Islam.

HI 517
Islamic History To 1798
History of Islamic Near East to 1798. The East Mediterranean before Islam, Muhammad and the development of Islam, sources of Muslim civilization; Islamic law, science, philosophy, art and architecture; Islam in Spain, India, Asia and Africa, the Crusades, the Ottomans; Islam and Europe.

HI 519
The High Middle Ages
Medieval culture 936-1250: Revival of the Roman Empire, monastic and papal reform, rise of universities, evolution of representative bodies, the Gothic style, troubadour and goliardic poetry, scholasticism and revival of Roman law.

HI 520
Italian Renaissance
Examination of Renaissance humanism, an educational ideal and an awareness of humans as the sole creator in the historical world, in its relationship to the Italian republics and princedoms of the 14th through 16th century.

HI 521
The Reformation of the 16th Century
Conditions and criticisms which led to reform and the nature of institutional, theological and social changes, affected by various churches and sects. Special attention to Luther and Calvin.

HI 524
France from sixteenth century to the Revolution, development of renaissance and absolutist state social and economic change, religious reform and Enlightenment, origins and beginnings of the Revolution.

HI 525
Revolutionary Europe
A broadly based analysis of France's first revolutionary era. The Enlightenment and its impact cause and character of the Revolution in France and impact of these events in France and Europe.

HI 527
Europe In Crisis: 1890-1917
Survey of social, economic, political, ideological changes in Europe on eve of World War I; prewar origins of fascism and communism; political polarization during World War I to the outbreak of the Bolshevik Revolution.

HI 528
Fascism-Revolution-Reaction: Europe 1919-1939
Rise and defeat of revolutionary movements in Central Europe and Italy (1919-1939); emergence and development of communism, fascism and Nazism; crisis of the European socialist movement during 1930s; and Spanish Civil War.

HI 529
Modern European Imperialism
Historical background of European expression; its impact on the economics, politics and culture of both Europe and the colonized world; the significance of imperialism and anti-colonial nationalism in shaping the modern world.

HI 533
Diplomatic History
Survey of major issues and events in European international relations; Congress of Vienna, 1815, to defeat of Axis powers and origins of Cold War in 1945.

HI 534
Intellectual History: The Eighteenth Century
Historical examination of some of major figures of the European Enlightenment, beginning with Locke and ending with Kant.

HI 535
Intellectual History: The 19th Century
Historical examination of some of major figures of European thought during 19th century, beginning with enthusiasm of the period of the French Revolution and ending with the disillusionment of the fin de siecle.

HI 536
British history from the Reformation to the Civil War. Primary emphasis on certain key developments in social, political and economic life, such as development of a new concept of kingship, the growing independence of Parliament, the search for religious uniformity and changing status of aristocracy and gentry.

HI 537
20th Century Britain
British political, social and economic history since 1914, with reference to effects of two world wars, growth of the Welfare State, Britain's decline in power and its search for a new role in the world.

HI 538
Modern France
French history from the downfall of Napoleon I to the present, with a short introductory survey of the Old Regime and the French Revolution. Cultural, social and economic developments and political trends.

HI 539
Luther To Bismarck 1500-1871
Germany from the Reformation through national unification. Emphasis on impact of socio-economic changes on politics and culture.

HI 540
History of Germany Since 1871
Germany from the Reformation through national unification. Emphasis on impact of socio-economic changes on politics and culture.

HI 541
Russian Empire to 1917
History of the Russian Empire to the Revolution of 1917. Kiev, Russian and the Mongol conquest; serfdom, territorial expansion and cultural insularity of Great Russian state in Moscow; Westernization, reform and great power status in 18th and 19th centuries; peoples of multinational empire; culture, educated society and revolutionary opposition; industrialization, rapid urbanization, war and revolution.

HI 542
History of the Soviet Union and After
History of the Soviet state and society from the 1917 Revolution, including post-Soviet situation. Political disarray and resistance to the Bolshevik regime, 1917-21; industrialization, urbanization and application of coercive techniques of rule; popular reconciliation with Party state and great power status during World War II and after; fate of non-Russian nationalities; de-Stalinization, stagnation and failed attempt at Party renewal after 1985.

HI 543
Colonial and Revolutionary U.S.
Origins of English colonies in America to the American Revolution. European background to colonization, merging of different cultures, effects of mercantile doctrine, causes of revolution.

HI 547
U.S. Constitutional History
Origins and growth of the U.S. Constitution from its English common law heritage to the Modern era. Federalism and judicial interpretation; economic, social and political movements; expansion of constitutional authority in 20th century.

HI 548
Civil War and Reconstruction
Examination of sectional polarization of the 1850s, the impact of the war on both northern and southern societies and trauma of reconstructing the Union.

HI 549
American Women To 1900
Historical experience of women in America from colonial period to 1900. Women's work, education, legal and political status, religious experiences and sex roles: age, class, race, sexual preference and region as significant variables in women's experience.

HI 551
American Women In the Twentieth Century
Women's historical experience in America, 1890-1990. Changes in women's work, education, legal and political status, and sex roles; age, class, race, sexual preference and region as significant variables in women's experience.

HI 552
U. S. Labor To 1900
The history of work, workers, and working-class organizations and politics in colonial and nineteenth-century America.

HI 553
U. S. Labor Since 1900
History of work, workers, and working-class organizations and politics in twentieth-century America.

HI 554
Recent America
Examination of contemporary opinions and "historical" interpretations of major problems in American life since 1939 including World War II, its social and economic consequences; Korea and the Cold War; big business and labor; civil rights and feminist movements; countercultures, Vietnam and Watergate.

HI 557
U. S.-Latin American Relations Since 1823
Analysis of periods, issues and events in U.S.-Latin American relations since 1823, Monroe Doctrine, Manifest Destiny, Mexican and Spanish-American Wars, Dollar Diplomacy, Good Neighbor Policy, anti-Communist crusade since 1945, Alliance for Progress, U. S. responses to revolution. Historical perspective on contemporary inter-American problems--drugs, environment, debt crisis, human rights abuses.

HI 558
U. S. Foreign Relations, 1900-Present
American diplomatic history since 1900; the expansion of American economic and cultural relations; the evolution of the American foreign policy bureaucracy; and the historical forces and personalities that shaped American relations with other nations.

HI 559
Civil Rights Movement
The "black revolution," stages and leaders of the movement; successes and failures in fight for desegregation, the vote and economic opportunity; impact of Civil Rights movement on the United States.

HI 560
Early American Thought
American intellectual history to 1865. Influence of Reformation, enlightenment, scientific revolution, capitalism and romanticism on social and political order.

HI 561
U. S. Intellectual History
American intellectuals and their views on 20th-century topics such as politics, culture, race and gender in historical context.

HI 562
American Historical Biography
American history in the 20th century through medium of historical biography.

HI 563
Religion After Darwin
Major religious issues in America from Civil War OT mid-1920's, including science and religion, impact of Darwin's evolutionary theory, biblical criticism, liberalism versus fundamentalism, churches in an industrial society.

HI 564
Old South
Distinctive features of the Old South as part of the regional development of the U. S. Colonial factors in the making of the South, development of the plantation system and slavery, Southern social order, intellectual and cultural life, economic development and rise of Southern nationalism.

HI 565
New South
Analysis of southern society from the Civil War through the present, with emphasis on social history methods, approaches and sources.

HI 566
Latin American Revolutions 20th Century
Comparative analysis of causes, participants, process and outcome of revolutions in Mexico, Bolivia, Cuba and Central America.

HI 567
Revolutionary China
China 1900 to present. Examination of political, cultural and socio-economics revolutionary phases of China's 20th-century trans-formation from traditional empire to communism. Particular attention to post-1949 problems of nation building.

HI 571
Republic of South Africa
Evolution of Republic of South Africa's society, with emphasis on interaction of diverse peoples and cultures. Particular attention given to period since 1870.

HI 575
Leadership in Modern Africa
Conditions under which 20th century African leaders have obtained and exercised power. Case studies of prominent leaders, both radicals, reactionaries, democrats and tyrants, such as Nkrumah, Kenyatta, Nyerere, Amin, Cabral, Vorster and Senghor.

HI 579
Scientific Revolution: 1300-1700
Factors behind dramatic scientific changes of the seventeenth century. Role of mathematics and
experiment. Interaction of new science with trends in philosophy, religion, alchemy, magic, medicine and with institutional educational, political, economic and technological factors.

HI 580
History of Life Sciences
Major ideas, methods, institutions and individuals contributing to biological sciences from the Renaissance to modern times. Connections between life sciences and other aspects of culture, including physical sciences, religious belief, medical practice and agriculture.

HI 585
Darwinism and its reception by the scientific community and the general public. Social impact of theories of evolution as expected in social Darwinism, eugenics, sociobiology and relationship of science to ethics and religion.

HI 677
Independent Study
Individualized study conducted under supervision of graduate faculty. Course of study, assigned readings, course projects or papers, and methods of evaluating work to be detailed in writing and approved by department head.

HI 679
Research In History
Individual research under graduate thesis supervisor upon the approval of the head of the department.

PHI 515 Introduction to Cognitive Science
Philosophical foundations and empirical fundamentals of cognitive science, an interdisciplinary approach to human cognition. The computational model of mind, mental representation, cognitive architecture, the acquisition and use of language.

PHI 568 Advanced Topics In Philosophy
Detailed investigation of selected advanced topics in philosophy. Topics determined by faculty members in consultation with head of department.

PHI 598 Advanced Independent Study In Philosophy
Independent study of advanced topic in philosophy under supervision of a faculty member.

Masters Philosophy also requires 48 credits in Religious Philosophy.